understand how the social inclusion of individuals can be supported
Social inclusion Social inclusion could be seen as an ideal that modern society aspires to, however it has been considered as a difficult concept to define, which may be due in part to the multifaceted nature of the reasons why individuals are excluded from society (Wilcock 2006). social inclusion . Services today can also learn from the mistakes of the past. So, by promoting empowerment and active participation as part of your work, you can support individuals with learning disabilities to maximise their opportunities and achieve their true potential. In the 21st century, there are a wider variety of services catered towards individuals with learning disabilities as well as further integration with mainstream activities. Describe ways of checking whether an individual has understood a communication and how to address any misunderstandings. Non-instructed advocacy is when the individual is unable to express their desires to the advocate. It was still common practice to force patients to take medication. Persons with ID in supported independent living tend to experience more social inclusion, possibly through the combination of the increased opportunities for social inclusion … As workers in the health and social care industry, we are governed by several rules and guidelines. They make sure you’re heard and are called advocates. The Mental Health Act 2007 and Mental Capacity Act Code of Practice helps to ensure that choices are not taken away from individuals with learning disabilities by the people that support them. This can include people that have been detained under the mental health act or do not have the mental capacity to make decisions. It may be that they have been through a similar situation and have a wider understanding of it, especially about how it affects the particular individual personally, and so are able to offer guidance and support. Failure to do so could result in legal action or litigation being taken against yourself and/or your organisation. Some things to consider are: To communicate effectively with individuals with learning disabilities, you should ensure that the language that you use is both age and ability appropriate. More recently, legislation has enshrined the rights of individuals with learning disabilities. For individuals with learning disabilities, it can sometimes be difficult to make their voice heard and their wishes considered. In fact, the primary reason for people being moved to institutions was because they were thought to be unable to contribute to society in a meaningful way. We understand that social exclusion can happen when people or areas suffer from a combination of linked problems such as unemployment, discrimination, poor skills, low incomes, poor housing, high crime, bad health and family breakdown. Understand the importance of risk taking in everyday life 2. • Enabling choice and social relationships . Other charities such as Mencap and Scope have done a lot of lobbying on behalf of individuals with learning disabilities to help change attitudes and policy. By the time you have completed this unit, you will have a good understanding of the legislation and policies that support the human rights and inclusion of individuals … And encourage the individual to take an interest and contribute towards their support. Many children with learning disabilities now attend mainstream schools, which will result in future generations having a better understanding of the differences between individuals. Many of these simply represent the lower end of the normal distribution of intelligence. Legislation has also impacted the promotion of positive attitudes towards people with learning disabilities by establishing the lawful baseline of what is expected from society. The Equality Act 2010 has made it unlawful for people with disabilities to be harassed or discriminated against because of their disabilities. Module 1: Understanding social inclusion In this module you will learn about the concepts of social exclusion and inclusion, their significance for people with intellectual disability and the concept of encounter as one aspect of social inclusion. Social inclusion is defined by the Charity Commission as: Social inclusion is often used to describe the opposite effect to social exclusion. support with individuals with learning disabilities Introduction This learning outcome starts out by explaining what is meant by ‘social inclusion’, including a list of activities that people with learning disabilities can be supported to do so that they are more socially included. This type of advocacy can be limited in use as a friend of family member may have a conflict of interest. An individual may use one or more of them at different times in their lives depending on their personal needs and circumstances. For example, after someone has spoken to you, you could say something like: It is also important to encourage individuals to ask questions if there is something that they don’t quite understand or ask you to repeat yourself, perhaps using different words or utilising visual aids. Unfortunately, prejudice and outdated attitudes towards people with learning disabilities does still exist but thankfully it is becoming more of a minority. Furthermore, there was no distinction made between people with learning disabilities, people with mental health conditions and criminals, all being viewed as a drain on society and forced to live together. Research demonstrates participating in society and having people you can rely on are key determinants of health and wellbeing and one of the most powerful predictors of positive outcomes following exposure to trauma. The attitude of the time was to keep these individuals segregated from the general population and those that did live in local communities were often treated with pity or disdain and suffered harassment and abuse. And the British Institute of Learning Disabilities do not give an exact proportion but do say: … for many who are diagnosed with having a general learning disability, the cause remains unknown. The early asylums had very few opportunities for individuals with learning disabilities to obtain gainful employment. Policies are rules and guidelines that have been created by your organisation or industry bodies to ensure that workers behave and do their jobs in their correct way. Increased exposure and communication between different groups of people can create more tolerance, empathy and understanding. The medical model of disability would say that the barrier to participation is the individual’s learning disability. However, it is only currently available in print format, with the audio book not being released for another four weeks, resulting in the individual being unable to participate. Understand how communities can support social inclusion (Unit HSC 3071:1) 1. also stated that enablers of social inclusion were the creation and development of friendships through supported community participation, occupying valued social roles, community presence, social skill development, meaningful activities and choice. Educate employees by helping them to understand how individuals are impacted by unconscious bias, and what actions continue to reinforce unconscious bias. The … Then, in 1944, the Disabled Persons (Employment) Act stated that employers with 20 or more staff must have 3% of them as registered disabled. Therefore, it is important that the pedagogical strategies we employ in the classroom reflect an understanding of social identity development so that we can anticipate the tensions that might occur in the classroom and be proactive about them’ (Ambrose et. ... that you can understand and share ideas about daily tasks, personal care needs, If somebody appears to require care, the local authority must carry out an assessment focusing on their individual needs, outcomes and wellbeing and involve the person in the process (person-centred planning). Familiarising yourself with discrimination and the different forms it can take means that you can spot if it happens. In the 60s and 70s, more individuals with learning disabilities began to transition from life in institutions to local communities. This indirectly blames the individual. This was followed by the Mental Capacity Act 2005, which supported individuals with learning disabilities to engages in consensual sexual intercourse. McConkey 207 Journal of Intellectual Disability Research doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2788.2006.00858.x pp – Variations in the social inclusion of people with intellectual disabilities in supported living schemes and Helping them to challenge decisions that are made about them by others. Working in partnership with them. The NHS provides a good definition of advocacy: If you find it difficult to understand your care and support or find it hard speak up, there are people who can act as a spokesperson for you. Encouraging them to take an active role in their support. After giving an individual some information, it is a good idea to ask them if they have understood what you are saying. This can even include some workers in the health and social care industry – for instance, a nurse who left work to start a family in the 1990s, then returned in 2019 would have antiquated views of how to care for people with learning disabilities. 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